Mahatma Gandhi in his autobiography described his experience at amicable dispute resolution as an exercise in uniting parties riven asunder. This is really the essence of mediation.
Justice delivery is the primary responsibility of judges and judicial officers as it is they who are given the task of interpreting the laws and adjudicating disputes.
Keeping both in mind, that is, the experience of Mahatma Gandhi as well as the primary duty of judicial officers, the Delhi Mediation Centre (started by the District Courts in Delhi) has evolved a unique method of alternative dispute resolution which can best be described as 'judicial mediation'.
This form of dispute resolution was initiated by a Committee appointed by the Chief Justice of India consisting of Hon'ble Judges of the Supreme Court, a Judge of the Delhi High Court, Senior Advocates and a judicial officer as being best suited to the needs of litigants in India and in consonance with the social ethos of our country.
In this background, even though judicial officers were trained by American experts in mediation, the Delhi Mediation Centre did not adopt the mediation models prevailing in America but developed its own unique model which seeks to realize the vision of Mahatma Gandhi, through judicial officers who need to be encouraged, even otherwise, to resolve disputes in a spirit of compromise and settlement, which is also envisaged by Section 89 of the Code of Civil Procedure.